A. The new urban Economy
A major effect of globalization is the increasing competition between cities and regions on global scale. To facilitate economic development cities are forced to make themselves attractive for investors and enterprises by investing in infrastructure, facilities and the development of attractive sites for new business. City branding and the development of Large Urban Projects play an important role in this framework.
However, in particular these projects also have a reverse side-effect in regard to urban sustainability. In many cases they are contributing to fragmentation and segregation , they are socially exclusive and barely leave space for non-commercial activities.
This session will discuss the effects of globalization, economical crises, competition and competitiveness on the urban structure and city form. In this framework the influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) will be analyzed as well as the role and potentiality of the local economy. Strategies for city branding will be discussed as well as strategies for the empowerment of small enterprise and grey economy.
Keywords: Globalization, urban economy, competitiveness, city branding, city ranking, fragmentation, large urban projects, foreign direct investment, empowerment.
B. The Urbanized Society
In this session the conditions of urbanized societies will be reflected that are increasingsly structured around the bipolar opposition of the Net and the self (Castells 1996). The session will discuss the spatial phenomena of new forms of living together and new urban cultures as well as the effects of social contradictions within the city and between city and suburbs. It will focus on societal organizations (and their spatial expression) in the new super agglomerations as well as in smaller cities, in developing countries as well as in developed countries. The influence of the network society will be discussed as well as the position of minorities in the city. Strategies to combat segregation, to generate a more integrated urban society and to create a new urban identity will be presented.
Keywords: Segregation or integration, community building, individualism and collectivism, political conditions, network society, new urban culture, generic city and identity
C. Urban Technologies and Sustainability
The session is focusing on sustainable urban technologies and infrastructures as well as related economical, social and political aspects. Special attention will be given to integrated solutions, which are based on so called Environmental Sound Technologies (ESTs), which encompass technologies that have the potential for significantly improved environmental performance. These technologies protect the environment, are less polluting, use resources in a sustainable manner, recycle more of their waste and products and handle all residual wastes in more environmentally acceptable ways than the technologies they substitute. Technologies can be differentiated into soft and hard technologies. Technical infrastructure, equipment and machines can be defined as hard technologies, while policies, regulations, economic instruments and strategies for management and governance can be defined as soft technologies.
Authors are requested to contribute papers, which are presenting solutions for extended lifecycles, sustainable water management and sanitation, energy and resource efficiency, comfort and health, and urban green.
Keywords: Extended Lifecycles, re-use and recycling, material efficiency, waste management; Water and Sanitation, resource oriented sanitation, water efficiency, rainwater and sewage management; Energy Efficiency, transport and mobility, building services, energy production and transformation; Comfort and Health, urban setting and public space, air quality, nutrition; Urban Green, urban agriculture, greened buildings, greened public space
D. The New Urban Form
Drastic changes in society: fast urbanization, changes in the relation between the urban and the rural, globalization, economic changes and the need for more sustainable solutions for spatial problems the themes of the other sessions in the conference all lead to new urban forms or new forms of urbanism.
In this session the emphasis is on spatial design on all levels of scale and the cultural aspects thereof. It will concern itself with the values of public life and its accommodations in exterior and interior public or collective space, with local identity and tradition and with the new needs our environment is confronted with. What can the spatial form of compact or dispersed cities in large regional networks be? What models are available or can be developed for urban transformation and extension accommodating rapid growth or shrinkage? What design strategies are being defined for these problem fields?
Keywords: urbanization, urban-rural, globalization, local identity, urban design, culture, public life, exterior and interior public space, compact cities, dispersed cities, network cities, rapid growth, shrinkage, design strategies.
According to different interests of contributors, the theme The New Urban Form is dedicated to two sub-topics, which are:
D1. The Transformation of the Urban Form is aiming at the question to what extend globalization, economic changes and the need for more sustainable solutions are transforming the urban form.
D2. The Design of the New Urban Space is focusing on design concepts and design principles.
E. The New Metropolitan Region
The process of urbanization and urban transformation generates a new kind of spatial form that Castells is calling the metropolitan region: urban constellations scattered throughout huge territorial expanses, functionally integrated and socially differentiated, around a multicentered structure (Castells 2005). Sometimes these regions even are crossing the borders of nation states.
For a long time it was expected that the increasing importance of regions would result in new (governmental) planning institutions which would be able to organize spatial development in a coherent way and to play a role in international competition. However, it seems to be difficult to translate the new regional reality into fruitful models of governance as well as into spatial structures which can provide a recognizable and attractive identity to the region. In contrary, most of these metropolitan regions are characterized by a lack of identity and citizen participation, by a weak political accountability and by the absence of an effective administration (Sassen 2001). On the other hand, the necessity of coordination on regional level causes new approaches of collaboration and new types of planning.
In this session new approaches and new models of planning on regional level will be discussed as well as new types of planning institutions and societal organizations. Special attention will be given to the role of design on regional level.
Keywords: regional collaboration, planning and design, regional planning institutions (public and private), regional associations, regional identity, participation, integration and fragmentation.
F. Changing Planning Cultures and Governance
The transformations in our cities and urban agglomeration triggered by globalization demand a review on the various planning cultures. Each city/region must be prepared to act earlier, effectively and with high level of competitiveness. The need to drive the urban dynamic in an energetic responsible manner also demands an integral strategy with active participation of all stakeholders. The uncertainty and risks caused by climate change requires the adoption of preventive measures on the planning framework and new environmental regulations. The withdrawal of the state requires rethinking of the bottom-up approach process on spatial planning and careful analysis of its implications and potential. The processes of metropolization, the economic new parading of the regions and the functional urban networks open up questions on crossing border planning perspectives. The need to address global challenges in a strategic manner posses questions on the interplay between the local and the global. How a global strategy to deal with crossing borders challenges and climate change risks could fulfill the needs of a local governance role and cope with social problems?
How these new challenges can be addressed in a coordinated manner among various stakeholders? What is the role of the citizenry?
Keywords: Planning Culture, Governance; State retrieval, state and society, new managerial strategies, sustainable development, urban poverty, top-down and bottom-up urban strategies, Global governance.
The theme The New Urban Form also focuses on two sub-topics, which are:
F1. New Approaches of Urban Governance concentrates on policies, tools and instruments for a more efficient, more integrated and more sustainable urban development.
F2. Changing Planning Cultures is exploring the recent changes in planning approaches and methods as cultural changes, related to the changing societal systems.